• October 31, 2022

5 types of walls for a residential masonry project

The strength and durability of a house’s walls are perhaps the most important aspect of its structural integrity. Residential masonry construction projects must take this into account to ensure the stability of a structure for years to come. The use of materials such as granite, bricks, stones and concrete blocks increases the durability of a wall. Here are five types of walls that are frequently used in homes.

1.Load bearing

For these types of walls, stones, concrete or cement blocks are usually the preferred options. Load-bearing walls support the weight that is transferred from the roof to the foundation. They are also ideal for both exterior and interior use. Many people prefer these walls to those with framed structures because they tend to be cheaper. The necessary wall thickness depends on the amount of roof load. For example, buildings with two or more stories often have thicker load-bearing walls.


For those who live in areas prone to inclement weather, reinforced walls are an ideal option. They are not vulnerable to cracking, which can be caused by external pressure. Reinforcement is usually placed inside the walls in vertical and horizontal positions at specific intervals to ensure greater strength. The amount of reinforcement may also depend on the amount of support the wall must provide.


These walls usually use two or more materials. For example, they can contain hollow bricks along with standard bricks or stones. These walls are inexpensive and give a unique look to the building. Materials are bonded together and sections are interconnected by steel ties. Horizontal joints can also be used to ensure optimal reinforcement.

4 hole

In residential masonry, hollow walls can be used to prevent moisture from reaching the interior of the house. This works by creating a gap between the inside and outside wall. The space prevents heat from getting inside, making these options ideal for homeowners who want to control indoor temperatures. The exterior face may have features called “drain holes” to drain away water that can cause a buildup of moisture within the space. A water-repellent coating or moisture protection can be applied to the structure to prevent potential water damage.

5. Post voltage

Post-tensioned walls are designed to withstand extreme weather events, such as earthquakes and tornadoes. These options typically have post-tensioning rods running through the core of the walls. They can be tensioned and anchored to a steel support structure on top after they have cured to ensure maximum strength.

Homeowners are advised to work with a professional residential masonry contractor to ensure a successful project. Like many construction projects, the strength and durability of the finished product depends on the type of materials used and the purpose of the structure.

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